Travel information about Santiago de Cuba and main attractions
Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city in Cuba. The city has 510,665 inhabitants (as of 2015) and is one of the oldest cities in the country. It was founded by the Spaniards in 1515 and is well known for its colonial buildings. It is also the capital of the province of Santiago de Cuba and is located in southeastern Cuba. The Bay of Santiago is located on the Caribbean Sea and the port is the second largest seaport in Cuba. The city is surrounded by the mountains of the Sierra Maestra. There is a tropical climate. Sights include the fortress or castle called Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca and the park Baconao.
Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca and Baconao
The fortress "Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca" is also colloquially called "Castillo del Morro". It is a fortress on the coast of Cuba, about 10 km from Santiago de Cuba. The fortress was designed in 1637 by Juan Bautista Antonelli (1585-1649). It was intended by the governor of the city, Pedro de la Roca y Borja, as a defense against pirate raids. In 1775, part of the fortress was converted into a prison for political prisoners. The rest of the fort remained a military base. In the fortress there is a small museum and you can visit the old dungeons and the cannons. If you walk through the fort you also have a fantastic view.
The Baconau Park is located about 20 km east of the city of Santiago de Cuba. Particularly noteworthy is the prehistoric valley. There are life-size models of dinosaurs and other prehistoric creatures. The sculptures are made of reinforced concrete.